What is Intrautrine Insemination (IUI)?

What is intrauterine insemination (IUI)?

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is an infertility treatment that is often called artificial insemination. In this procedure, the woman is injected with specially prepared sperm. Sometimes the woman is also treated with medicines that stimulate ovulation before IUI.

IUI is often used to treat mild male factor infertility, erectile dysfunction, women who have problems with their cervical mucus or mild ovulation problems.

What is ART / IVF / ICSI?

These are more advanced treatments for infertility.

ART is Assisted reproduction techniques which include IVF (in vitriol fertilization) and ISCI (intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection). ART can be expensive and time-consuming, but it has allowed many couples to have children that otherwise would not have been conceived. The most common complication of ART is multiple pregnancy, which can result in preterm deliveries. Other complications include Ovarian Hyper stimulation Syndrome (OHSS) and ectopic pregnancy.

IVF is fertilization outside the body followed by transfer of the embryo into the womb. The IVF process involves:

  • Stimulating multiple follicles and eggs to develop
  • Egg retrieval to get the eggs
  • Fertilizing the eggs in the laboratory
  • Embryo transfer to the uterus

ICSI is injection of a sperm directly into the egg. This needs micromanipulation techniques and is sometimes used if conventional IVF is not successful or if there are severe sperm motility problems.