Often, mums-to-be are scared of labour pains, but are also scared of the epidural!! Of course, not everyone needs an epidural – you may be one of the lucky ones, who have a good pain threshold and can achieve a normal delivery with no major pain relief measures. However, the majority of women need help to cope with pain during labour. An epidural is very helpful in this regard. The pain due to the contractions is taken away (the contractions continue) and the labouring woman is kept comfortable till the cervix is fully dilated. Further detailed information on this topic is given on the website…Various other types of pain relief, etc.
At this stage, intercourse is probably not a good idea. If at all, use a condom as semen contains prostaglandin, which can cause uterine contractions. This may sometimes be the cause of preterm labour.
3. Stomach Pains
You may be experiencing Braxton-Hicks contractions. These are the practice contractions, which may be mildly painful.
4. Maternity Registration
Yes, it is time to ensure that your place of delivery is planned and booked.
Alzheimer's disease is a form of dementia. Dementia is a medical term for any kind of decline or loss of cognitive or intellectual abilities. Alzheimer’s is a neurological disorder, which causes degeneration and death of brain cells tissues. This results in memory loss and cognitive decline. Once the disease sets in, it keeps getting worse, and there is no known way to reverse it. This is why it is called a neurodegenerative type of dementia. This means that it is degenerative by nature. The initial symptoms are mild enough, and may seem more like mild memory loss or absent mindedness, but eventually it can get to be quite debilitating.
While some decline in brain functioning is seen in most people as part of aging, Alzheimer's is not a normal part of aging. Again, while most of the patients suffering from Alzheimer’s are 65 years or older, there is a smaller percentage of people who also suffer from an early-onset of the disease. Thus, it cannot be said that this is simply a disease of old age.
Causes of Alzheimer’s Disease
Lot of research has been done in the area of Dementia in general and Alzheimer’s in particular. Today, we know that Alzheimer’s is caused due to two primary reasons:
1. Plaques, or protein deposits that build up in spaces between nerve cells. Essentially, there is an excess of beta amyloid protein in these spaces.
2. Twisted fibres of yet another protein called tau that build up inside brain cells. These are called tangles.
Interestingly, with advancing age, most people develop these protein deposits in their brain. However, there is yet no answer to why people with AD end up having far too many of these deposits as compared to others, and why they impact important brain areas more than other areas. This buildup of protein blocks communication between the various cells of the brain, messing up with the brain circuitry and eventually resulting in cell death.
What are Some Symptoms?
Being a neurodegenerative disorder, symptoms of Alzheimer's worsen over time. As the disease advances, people may lose most of their memory, may not remember near and dear ones, and may even lose the ability to carry on a conversation and respond to their environment.
• Difficulty remembering newly learnt information –this is the first visible symptom
• Forgetfulness, misplacing things
• Disorientation, especially regarding time and place
• Loss of judgment
• Changes in mood and behaviour
• Personality changes
• Increased suspiciousness
• Difficulties with abstract thinking
• At advanced stages, difficulty in speaking, swallowing, and walking.
Can it be Cured?
As of now, there is no cure as such for Alzheimer's. Medical care is focused on treating and managing the symptoms. However, there are some medications that help in slowing down the memory loss. Often, patients with AD may also be given psychiatric medications; depending on the specific symptoms they may show (depression, agitation, aggression). There is a lot of research on alternative forms of treatment as well, but nothing has been seen to work conclusively.
Focus is also on helping people and caregivers of AD cope on a day to day basis. Some interventions that have been helpful are:
• Modification of the environment
• Psycho educating the care givers
• Creating a structured and predictable routine
• Creating a calm and soothing environment
By Ms. Samindara Sawant
Clinical Psychologist, Clinical Hypnotherapist, Crystal Healer, Reiki Practitioner
Director, Disha Counseling Center